The role of rare variants in MYL2 as causative mutations in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is described below. By comparing the frequency of MYL2 variants in large HCM clinical cohorts to the background population rate in the ExAC database, the proportion of HCM patients with pathogenic mutations in MYL2 can be estimated, as well as the likelihood that a rare (population allele frequency <0.0001) MYL2 variant identified in a HCM patient is disease-causing. Summary data for different variant classes (all protein-altering variants, loss of function truncating variants and non-truncating variants) is highlighted - see the table below for full details of this analysis.
Excess of MYL2 variants in HCM: 0.92% (p<0.0001)
Based on an analysis of all rare protein-altering variants (MAF<0.0001 in ExAC) in MYL2 found in 4185 HCM samples sequenced by OMGL and LMM and in reference samples of the ExAC population database.
|Excess in HCM||0.92%
0.77 - 0.89
0.00 - 0.91
0.78 - 0.90
4.33 - 8.96
0.57 - 11.11
4.58 - 9.80
The Etiological Fraction (EF) is the proportion of affected carriers where the variant caused HCM. The Odds Ratio (OR) describes the odds of having a rare variant in the patient cohort to the odds in the ExAC cohort. Fisher's exact test p-values are displayed for case excess, 95% confidence intervals for EFs and ORs.
(OMGL1 + LMM2)
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